Saturday, April 14, 2018

Funny Games 1997

Spoiler Alert - This post is meant to enhance ones viewing of the movie but it does contain some sections that one may consider spoilers. If you want to be totally surprised by the movie, please do not read this until after viewing.

Michael Haneke's films take on the central question of our time, man's sense of alienation in modern society. In his 1997 film, Funny Games, he explores this theme in terms of modern media's exploitation of violence for the titillation of audiences.



Origins - Benny's Video.

The idea for the film started as a wider discussion in society about apparently random violence committed by young people from good, middle class families. These crimes are not committed for gain like revenge or money but for the thrill of it. This disturbing thought is what lies behind the film particularly in the fact that media generally treat violence in the same manner, as thrill kills.

The director expanded upon ideas originally contained in his film Benny's Video. It was an inside joke that a couple actors in Funny Games also had large roles in Benny's Video.



White Clown, Auguste Clown


The perpetrators of the violence in Funny Games are represented by the white clown and Auguste Clown archetypes. The white clown being the serious, wiser of the pair and the Auguste clown being the bumbler that is trying to follow along.

The clowns go by the names of several classic pairs or buddies in the film:
Peter and Paul - The father's of the Catholic Church
Beavis and Butthead
Tom and Jerry

Wikipeida - Clown

The white clown, or clown blanc from the original French, is a sophisticated character, as opposed to the clumsy auguste.[8] They are also distinguished as the "sad clown" (blanc) and "happy clown" (auguste).[9]

The Auguste face base makeup color is a variation of pink, red, or tan rather than white. Features are exaggerated in size, and are typically red and black in color. The mouth is thickly outlined with white (called the muzzle) as are the eyes. Appropriate to the character, the auguste can be dressed in either well-fitted garb or in a costume that does not fit — either oversize or too small is appropriate. Bold colors, large prints or patterns, and suspenders often characterize Auguste costumes.

The auguste character-type is often an anarchist, a joker, or a fool. He is clever and has much lower status than the whiteface. Classically the whiteface character instructs the auguste character to perform his bidding. The auguste has a hard time performing a given task, which leads to funny situations. Sometimes the auguste plays the role of an anarchist and purposefully has trouble following the whiteface's directions. Sometimes the auguste is confused or is foolish and makes errors less deliberately.

The Shock

These two clowns play by their own rules and do not respect the normal rules that hold society together. Normal people do not stand a chance against these characters and this is what gives the film its shock value. Anxiety is generated when normal people have to interact with characters who do not behave as one is supposed to in society. They cross the boundaries of trust and untouchability  and without those boundaries normal people are lost.

Hot or Cold

The film condemns the viewer as an accomplice to the violence, one who is also getting a thrill out of it. Films often present violence in a consumable way for the pleasure of the audience. Funny Games wants you to question violence as entertainment.

It first raises this specter when the white clown is playing a game of hot or cold with the wife. During this game the white clown unexpectedly turns and winks to the camera. This is designed to create a sense of irritation in the viewer and cause them to question whom is being winked at, when it is the viewer that is the target of  the wink.

Alienation  and Manipulation

Films let viewers vicariously get their thrills from gratuitous violence in guilt free as viewers not participants. Funny Games does not let the viewers off the hook as it makes them participants. It does this by breaking the cinematic illusion at several levels.

The top level is where the film is rewound after the wife gets control of the gun and kills one of the evil clown figures. This wife killing is acceptable to the viewer but this is rewound to allow an alternative ending, one that is not acceptable to the viewer.

There are other, lower levels, used to draw the viewer into this conspiracy like where the clown characters turn to speak to the audience.

These devices are meant  to show viewers how easily they are being manipulated by breaking the spell of the film.

Escape

Each time the director uses a device to break the film's spell with the audience; he is inviting them to "get it" and leave, to walk away. Films are seen as an escape from reality but this film actively invites the viewer to escape from the film. The director does not accept criticism against the film for its anti-social content because the film attempts to inform and cautions viewers to reject these views. If viewers do not accept these invitations to tune out, they have some need to seek such thrills.

Devices used to Grip The Viewer:

There are several devices that the director employs to entrance viewers:

Three Dimensional  Evil -  The clowns are not one dimensional. Plots are often written from a God perspective where the writer is God and the characters are flawed beings to be moved about like pawns. Funny Games seeks to portray everyone as fully functional human beings even the bad guys.

Confrontation of Genres - Another area that makes the films gripping is that it pits two genres against each other, a comedy and a tragedy. The two clowns are playing a classic comedic role while at the same time destroying a family, a tragic role.

Emotionally Drained - The family's suffering is not melodramatic by emotionally draining. Scenes were often filmed over a dozen takes to the point where the actors were physically exhausted and emotionally drained similar to how a true victim would be such as the wife in the prayer scene.

According to director Michael Haneke, star Susanne Lothar would often have to force herself to cry for nearly 20 minutes before her takes. He said the scene in which she is forced to pray required 28 takes and Lothar was tremendously drained by the ordeal. It was the weakened reaction that Haneke wanted from her for the scene. - IMDB Funny Games Trivia

Slap in the Face

The film is not simply intended to provoke the viewer but to awaken them. To make them question what they normally watch for entertainment, to question violence portrayed in media.

Fan Theories - Prequel to Purge Theory

Reddit Fan Theories - Funny Games as Prequel to The Purge

This theory came to me after a while of seeing Funny Games, which is probably the most fucked up thing I've ever saw. First, The Purge is justified because it brings peace and harmony to America all year long. This is the first similarity I saw with Funny Games. The sadistic young men in this movie appear rather calm and easygoing, even though what they do. What if this guys had a double life of being model sons of politicians and fucked up murderers? If this assumption is correct, maybe the guys of Funny Games are not the only ones practicing this kind of games. As a whole generation of wealthy children, they inherit their parents estatus into politics and make their way up to the top, having in their mind their twisted desires of turning their "sport" into a national holiday. Basically, these guys form part of a much larger group of young men that have the same desires. They access politics and instaure The Purge as their legacy.


Thursday, March 22, 2018

Universal Frequencies


This post review the Under the Skin Podcast  #46, Power vs Kindness (with Jordan Peterson):



According to Jordan Peterson, some very smart clinical psychologist in the 29th century made huge leaps in learning how one should put their life together in a manner that would decrease anxiety and depression, a way of life that would:

  • Orient a person to be more effective in ones communications.
  • Put the focus on a long term life plan.
  • Allow better interpretation of one's dreams particularly in relation to myths and archetypes
  • and position oneself properly in the world.

20th Century Psychological Revolution

He lists Freud, Jung, Carl Adler, Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow as the most influential of these. He also credits the existential psychologists of the 1950's and humanists of the 1960's for furthering this work. In Peterson's estimation, there were roughly a dozen or so geniuses who laid the groundwork for developing psychotherapy and psychotherapeutic conversations.

Myths and Archetypes

Much of the basis of this work is based on ancient mythology and the archetypes that underlie it. Mythologies supply mankind with a common language. Humans view the world through and communicate by stories. They are the patterns that we use to explain our lives.

Genres

gen·re
ˈZHänrə/
noun
  1. a category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter.

Jordan Peterson points out that these universal stories can be organized into genres that were classified by the ancient Greeks:

Comedy - The modern definition of comedy has a much different meaning than the ancient one. To classical Greeks, a comedy was simply a story with a happy ending, a story where everything turns out the way we want.

Tragedy - A tragedy, on the other hand, is a story where everything falls apart.

Other genres include adventure and romance stories.

Carl Jung was the deepest analyzer of deepest structure of stories

Another good source it the Romanian,  Mircea Eliade, who analyzed religious stories

A Universal Language

Humans have languages and Noam Chomsky recognized that all languages have commonalities. Jung recognized that, just like we have commonalities of languages, we also have universal myths.

According to Jordan Peterson, religion is a collection of stories that are grammatically sound in terms of the patterns that human recognize and respond to.

Jung theories were solidified while wrestling with his own personal demons the visions he experience were recorded in his seminal Red Book which has only been recently published. Much of Jung's self therapy involved art and painting and centered on the creation of Mandalas which represented ones personality and its relationship to the cosmos.



Badly Fragmented People


Jordan Peterson points out that disturbed individuals with badly fragmented personalities will produce disordered spontaneous drawings.






A Universal Frequency

In contrast, whole people will produce ordered, symmetrical mandalas, which Jung described as manifestations of spontaneous order.

Jordan Peterson also posits that Gothic cathedrals with their stain glass windows also represent this harmony or universal frequency.








Oneness with God

This universal oneness or truth is represented in the wholeness of god. According to Peterson, the archetype of self and god same, Christ symbol of self

The Christ story ultimate tragedy of the worst possible thing happening to the best person. In one sense it is a tragedy but a comedy too because the resurrection gives it a happy ending. The resurrection represents that part of people that is the self that is capable of sustaining itself across deaths and rebirths. It also represents how we move through life with dream and these dreams get shattered. This often plunged people into darkness but we then tend to get profound insights that we use to rebuild ourselves.

Ways of Understanding

Learning means understanding you are wrong and transforming. Their are different ways that people comprehend things:

Ideologues - The Ideologue identifies with what they understand.

Truth Seekers - Truth seekers identify with what they do not understand

Nihilists - Nihilists identify with chaos.

Creatives - Creative types are think laterally across ideas. They are open to divergent thinking. While this is good for creativity, it makes it harder to center on a core identity.

Ideally, a healthy individual can identify with movement between states but also understands that they also have constant core.

Mankind is Unscientific

In modern times, there is an apparent conflict between science and religion. According to Peterson, the world is one thing so, ultimately, true conflicts are not possible because everything is unified.

For most of human history, there was no science. The scientific method only came about 500 years ago. Scientific truth deal with the material world.

Religious truth is centered on the spiritual. It is a collection of metaphysical stories outlining how we should act. It is not scientific so

What people say and what they do have no correlation. We explain with our left brain and take action with the right and these two sides do not communicate. We are good at explaining our actions but these explanations are made up after the fact.

Case in point, modern people say the world is made up of things but act as if the world is made of potential.

Tuesday, February 27, 2018

The Intellectual Dark Web - Death of the Blue God

People will do anything, no matter how absurd, in order to avoid facing their own souls. One does not become enlightened by imagining figures of light, but by making the darkness conscious. ― C.G. Jung, Psychology and Alchemy

This post summarizes some of the main points covered in this excellent article and documentary by David Fuller at Rebel Wisdom:

Medium.com - A Glitch in the Matrix” — Jordan Peterson, the Intellectual Dark Web & the Mainstream Media



A Watershed Moment

We have reached cultural watershed moment where people have started walking away from the script being force fed to us by the mainstream media. New voices are arising that glaringly point to the falseness of the mass messaging and the limitations of old formats to express an intellectual revolution that has been gathering in the shadows.

Mainstream, narrow broadcast technologies need to force stories into five minute chunks that present a false, scripted version of reality. These official scripts view reality via a warped hard left lens that praises the feminine and condemns the masculine. In this reality, no deviation from the official script is allowed.

Here is the enlightening Channel 4 interview with Jordan Peterson that highlights the failings of the old media when presented with a new script:



Cognitive Dissonance

Many accounts of the interview decried the interview as simply one where the interviewer merely went astray in the face of a interviewee with controversial views:

The Atlantic - Why Can't People Hear What Jordan Peterson Is Saying?

Last week, Peterson was pressed by the British journalist Cathy Newman to explain several of his controversial views. But what struck me, far more than any position he took, was the method his interviewer employed. It was the most prominent, striking example I’ve seen yet of an unfortunate trend in modern communication.

First, a person says something. Then, another person restates what they purportedly said so as to make it seem as if their view is as offensive, hostile, or absurd.

What if this isn't what happened at all? What if it was the interviewer's mainstream script that was flawed and that the mass media format did not have the tools required to process information not in the official script however true it might be. Such situations typically induce Cognitive Dissonance within individuals and this appears to be what mass media is suffering under on an institutional scale:



The above video points out that cognitive dissonance most often occurs when a person is presented with information that conflicts with a strongly held notion that there is little justification for holding. Often, people will come up with false justifications or rational to overcome the discomfort caused by this conflict rather than change their minds.

This mischaracterization of the others points of view are tells of delusional thinking brought on by cognitive dissonance. Even more telling were the attempts to recover from the disastrous interview with claims of harassment by internet trolls as if they were the first people every attacked by trolls on the internet. Rather than taking the opportunity to try to start an honest dialogue, they fell back to their scripted cries of victim hood. This inability to respond effectively further highlight their distorted framework. They rely on fallback positions that are neither thoughtful or strategic.

The World is a Funny Place

The world is a funny place, one where great fun can be had poking at the official script and where two different personality types can even have a fascinating conversation with each other that coaxes truth out from the shadows.



Archetypes and Mythology

To understand what is happening requires a deep dive into theories of fundamental human psychology developed by Carl Jung:

Soul Craft - The 12 Common Archetypes

The term "archetype" has its origins in ancient Greek. The root words are archein, which means "original or old"; and typos, which means "pattern, model or type". The combined meaning is an "original pattern" of which all other similar persons, objects, or concepts are derived, copied, modeled, or emulated. 

The psychologist, Carl Gustav Jung, used the concept of archetype in his theory of the human psyche. He believed that universal, mythic characters—archetypes—reside within the collective unconscious of people the world over. Archetypes represent fundamental human motifs of our experience as we evolved; consequentially, they evoke deep emotions. 

Jung posited that there were several core archetypes that are key to this story:

Shadow

The shadow is an archetype that consists of the sex and life instincts. The shadow exists as part of the unconscious mind and is composed of repressed ideas, weaknesses, desires, instincts, and shortcomings.

The shadow forms out of our attempts to adapt to cultural norms and expectations. It is this archetype that contains all of the things that are unacceptable not only to society, but also to one's own personal morals and values. It might include things such as envy, greed, prejudice, hate, and aggression.

This archetype is often described as the darker side of the psyche, representing wildness, chaos, and the unknown. These latent dispositions are present in all of us, Jung believed, although people sometimes deny this element of their own psyche and instead project it on to others.

Anima/Animus

The anima is a feminine image in the male psyche, and the animus is a male image in the female psyche. The anima/animus represents the "true self" rather than the image we present to others and serves as the primary source of communication with the collective unconscious.

Jung believed that physiological changes as well as social influences contributed to the development of sex roles and gender identities. Jung suggested the influence of the animus and anima archetypes were also involved in this process. According to Jung, the animus represents the masculine aspect in women while the anima represented the feminine aspect in men.

Rage at the Moon

The dark web intellectual posits that the post modern world has become hostile to masculinity. Modern mass media tends to stress image of a benevolent femininity juxtaposed against toxic masculinity. This unhealthy balance of images creates polarization within a society gone astray.

Women who fall under the spell of this Social Justice Warrior philosophy rage at masculinity when it is they that have the problem. They focus on unrealistic goals like a mystical total equality in a world where each individual has their own strengths and weaknesses. They also ignore evolutionary & biological differences between the sexes. In Jungian terminology, women stewing in this environment develop and unhealthy animus (internal male image in their psyche) and avoid the shadows (internal issues that they need to work out. Instead of working on straightening out their inner turmoil they project their problems as a rage against men.

Males under this same spell develop an unhealthy anima (internal female image in their psyche). Instead of working out these issues, they become moody and bitchy. Evolution has conditioned women to seek masculine men just as men seek feminine women so the growing set of men adopting unhealthy female traits further adds to this feminine rage.

Dangerous Conversations

The old media is dying as its faults become ever more evident. In large part, this is due to  a new breed of thinkers that have sprung up in this alternative media. With this death, the elites are losing their stranglehold on information.

This new breed of thinkers is not afraid to have the dangerous yet important conversations needed to move society forward that are ignored by the mainstream media. The whole social justice warrior theology that has dominated western media for the last couple decades is being questioned and is breaking down under this harsh light.

Cross Wired 

People are hardwired to see the world differently. One one end of the spectrum there are more liberal personality types characterized by openness, interest, abstract interests and low orderliness. On the other end, their are more conservative types. It takes both types working in a balanced manner to keep the world running in a healthy manner.

Collapse of the Blue Church

Medium.com - Situational Assessment 2017: Trump Edition
Medium.com - Understanding the Blue Church

“The Blue Church is panicking because they’ve just witnessed the birth of a new Red Religion. Not the tired old Christian cliches they defeated back in the ’60s, but a new faith based on cultural identity and outright rejection of the Blue Faith.” — /u/notjfao

A number of folks noted that they were not familiar with the concept of the Blue Church and wondered what was meant by it. The Democratic Party? Liberalism? Progressivism? As I mentioned in SA:2017, I had originally lifted the idea wholesale from that Reddit post with only an intuitive sense that it (and its juxtaposition with a Red Religion) was useful and pointed at something real.

The deep state and its mass media organ have grown complacent due to having a stranglehold over ideas for the last couple decades. During this time conservatives have had time to contemplate and restore their strength. This renewed strength and intellectual firepower has been unleashed on a mass media that cannot keep up and is losing ground. The blue church is unable to respond beyond tired cliches and worn out scripts.

Hopefully, this will lead to a more healthy balance between these two forces.

A New Counterculture

The establishment media is tired. It does not have time for deep thought or conversations. Everything is forced in sound bites.  They suffer from an institutional blindness and are unable to effectively respond to the new media. Even worse for them, the conservatives have flipped the script by becoming the in your face counter culture leaving the left looking like the angry grandparents.

Here one of the court jesters for the right mocks the left's penchant for bad taste in performance art:



The set of values promoted by this blue church in the guise of helping the oppressed are actually a narrow set of values favored by white upper middle class intellectual that are at odds with many values of the people they claim to support:

quillette.com - Jordan B Peterson, Critical Theory, and the New Bourgeoisie

The identity of the group providing the intellectual foundation for both critical theory and the social justice movement are mostly white middle-and-upper-class intellectuals from the political left in advanced Western economies. It may be more illuminating to see this group’s interests as the driving force of societal change, rather than those of the ever-changing group of the powerless. In effect, the intellectuals of the political left are creating the type of society they personally want to live in. ‘The powerless’ are temporary allies on this journey.

A Red Pill Philosophy

If the blue church has its social justice warrior philosophy, the red tribe are stoics. Stoicism has often been likened to a Western Buddhism. It was founded by the Greeks and later adopted by the Romans. Its most famous adherent was the Roman Emperor, Marcus Aurelius It is well suited for helping people faced with rapid change. It emphasizing individual responsibility or ones thoughts and emotions.

Reddit, The Red Pill - Stoicism 101 How to be



Growing Up 

Much of the intellectual dark webs energy is focused on helping young men, who are under served in today's world grow up to be healthy adults. They do this emphasizing ones responsibilities not rights as the source of true happiness.

Wednesday, February 7, 2018

Competition -vs- Cooperation


Today's post features the Art of Manliness, #376, When to Compete, When to Cooperate



Friend and Foe

The podcast features an interview with Adam Galinski discussing his book Friend and Foe:

What does it take to succeed? This question has fueled a long-running debate. Some have argued that humans are fundamentally competitive, and that pursuing self-interest is the best way to get ahead. Others claim that humans are born to cooperate and that we are most successful when we collaborate with others.

In FRIEND AND FOE, researchers Galinsky and Schweitzer explain why this debate misses the mark. Rather than being hardwired to compete or cooperate, we have evolved to do both. In every relationship, from co-workers to friends to spouses to siblings we are both friends and foes. It is only by learning how to strike the right balance between these two forces that we can improve our long-term relationships and get more of what we want.


In the podcast Adam makes several points:

  • Most relationships are both cooperative and competitive
  • Social comparisons natural to primates
  • Comparisons are never absolute but relative to others
  • We tend compare ourselves to those we are most connected to
  • On the plus side, they drive us and motivate us
  • On the minus side, they create anxiety and resentment
  • To be motivating, a goal must be attainable.
Professor Galinsky also recommends several tactic when trying to work with teams:

  • Do not be afraid to expose vulnerability to connect with team. rather than trying to constantly project perfection.
  • The best strategy is to project perfection first then show vulnerability later.
  • Avoid humble bragging.

Power Corrupts

Power and bad behavior go hand in hand. Power tends to corrupt. People do not feel same moral constraints with power. They become unfettered by morals. People need perspective to gain power but tend to lose perspective once power is attained. We need to have way to hold powerful accountable to connect them with us.


The Talent Trap

Teams with too much talent suffer from problems with coordination, no discernible alpha. With teamwork that requires a lot of coordination among member like basketball too much talent causes issues. Baseball is more specialized so talent causes less issues.


Making the Most of Hierarchies 

Hierarchy are needed for coordination. They make clear who makes decision, who needs to be approached for approvals.

One needs take lower level people into account. Some strategies to allow this are to:

  • Let low power people speak first in meetings.
  • Create rules that allow bottom up ideas to surface such a no criticizing during initial idea generation.

Sunday, February 4, 2018

Fat America, Part I: Snack-O-Rama

Gluttony is the source of all our infirmities and the fountain of all our diseases. As a lamp is choked by a superabundance of oil, and a fire extinguished by excess of fuel, so is the natural health of the body destroyed by intempe diet. -Marion LeRoy Burton


In March 2000, Greg Critser published a ground breaking article in Harpers Magazine covering the reasons for the American obesity epidemic:

Harpers, March 2000 - Let Them Eat Fat

Greg later expanded the article into a full length book on the subject:

Fat Land by Greg Critser





Fat America

Fat America is a multi-post series on how American went from thin to fat in a couple short decades. This is the first post in this series. This book is base on Fat Land on article by Greg Critser that was later expanded into a book on the subject.

In this post, we focus on how several factors combined to pack on the weight of the average American:

  • Corn production soared in the 1970's providing the cheap starch required for snacks.
  • Industrial science also figured out how to turn corn starch into a rocket fueled sweetener, High Fructose Corn Syrup.
  • Palm oil started flooding into America from overseas providing a cheap, highly saturated fat used to increase the palitability of cheap snacks.
  • Grazing was pushed on American's a good form of dieting when it is actually the way animals are fattened up.


Corn From Fence Row to Fence Row

In the early 70's US agricultural output soared. This was the deliberate result of Earl Butz, Agriculture Secretary under Nixon, scrapping New Deal programs that had previously paid farmers not to grow. Instead discouraging production, Farmers were encouraged to expand output of staple crops like corn and soybeans. This was meant to curb soaring food prices that were caused by inflationary pressures during the time.

The ultimate result of this policy was an abundance of calories available to US consumers at bargain prices.




HFCS

At roughly the same time corn production expanded exponentially, a process using enzymes to transform corn starch into a sweetener was developed called High Fructose Corn Syrup. HFCS was initially produced in the United States by Richard O. Marshall and Earl R. Kooi in 1957 but it was not until  1966 that is became economically viable to produce when Dr. Yoshiyuki Takasaki at the Japan’s Agency of Industrial Science and Technology perfected the process.

Unlike sugar which is comes from refined sugar cane juice, HFCS is produced by an enzymatic process that rearranges corn starch molecules in a manner that it not found in nature, one that acts much differently within our bodies than sugar:

The sugars are extracted through a chemical enzymatic process resulting in a chemically and biologically novel compound called HFCS. Some basic biochemistry will help you understand this. Regular cane sugar (sucrose) is made of two-sugar molecules bound tightly together– glucose and fructose in equal amounts.The enzymes in your digestive tract must break down the sucrose into glucose and fructose, which are then absorbed into the body. HFCS also consists of glucose and fructose, not in a 50-50 ratio, but a 55-45 fructose to glucose ratio in an unbound form.

Since there is there is no chemical bond between them, no digestion is required so they are more rapidly absorbed into your blood stream. Fructose goes right to the liver and triggers lipogenesis (the production of fats like triglycerides and cholesterol) this is why it is the major cause of liver damage in this country and causes a condition called “fatty liver” which affects 70 million people.The rapidly absorbed glucose triggers big spikes in insulin–our body’s major fat storage hormone. Both these features of HFCS lead to increased metabolic disturbances that drive increases in appetite, weight gain, diabetes, heart disease, cancer, dementia, and more.

Source: 5 Reasons High Fructose Corn Syrup Will Kill You - Mark Hyman MD



Palm Oil Worse Than Pig Oil

Hand in hand with the expansion of crop growth in the United State was the growing agricultural trade between countries. Earl Butz realized that the United States needed to open its markets to foreign countries if it wanted to export its corn and soy beans to them. One product that started to flood into the United States was cheap palm oil from Malaysia.

While technically a vegetable oil, it contained more saturated fat than pork fat and is likely worse for your health. Palm oil is attractive to food manufacturers for many reasons like the fact that is cheap, provides foods with a smooth creamy texture and has a long shelf life. It is so popular with manufactures that is it found in roughly half of packaged food products.

Despite being in a lot of foods, one may not know it as it is often labeled under a variety of confusing names such as

Vegetable Oil, Vegetable Fat, Palm Kernel, Palm Kernel Oil, Palm Fruit Oil, Palmate, Palmitate, Palmolein, Glyceryl, Stearate, Stearic Acid, Elaeis Guineensis, Palmitic Acid, Palm Stearine, Palmitoyl Oxostearamide, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3, Sodium Laureth Sulfate, Sodium Lauryl Sulfate, Sodium Kernelate, Sodium Palm Kernelate, Sodium Lauryl Lactylate/Sulphate, Hyrated Palm Glycerides, Etyl Palmitate, Octyl Palmitate, Palmityl Alcohol

Source: World Wildlife Federation






Grazing

Despite all the hype about grazing, it is actually better to eat fewer meals a day and to avoid snacking due to a myriad of reasons:

  • Humans are horrible judges of satiety and calorie intake so snacking encourages overeating.
  • Convenient foods for snacking tend to be junk foods.
  • Grazing conditions your body to be hungry all the time.
  • Historically, humans evolved to eat one or two communal meals a day of a day and these meals less energy dense, they consisted of foods that took time to digest.
It is better for adults to eat a light breakfast, medium lunch and healthy dinner with twelve hours between breakfast and lunch.

Source:

Time - You Asked: Should I Eat 3 Big Meals Or Lots of Small Ones?




Snack Food Revolution