Monday, December 28, 2015

Lost and Found: McCarthy and His Enemies - Part I, Chapter 5, The State Department and the United Nations

Lost and Found: L&F is a series devoted to old books which veer from our modern interpretation of historical events. The series devotes itself to seeking out truth which often lies somewhere twixt the gap between understandings.

The second of this series is devoted to McCarthy and His Enemies by William Buckley and L. Brent Bozell, published by the Henry Regnery Company in 1954. The hearings McCarthy held remain one of the most fascinating dramas of the last century.  Other chapters on this work include: 





Lost and Found: McCarthy and His Enemies - Prologue
Lost and Found: McCarthy and His Enemies - Part I, Chapter 1, The Problem
Lost and Found: McCarthy and His Enemies - Part I, Chapter 2, The Background
Lost and Found: McCarthy and His Enemies - Part I, Chapter 4, The State Department, 1947 - 1950: Three Years of Inertia

The Holiday Season is typically not a time for focusing on the news. At the end of 1952, anyone paying close attention to the news would be shocked to learn that the State Department was being charged by a grand jury foreman and other jury members of obstructing justice to cover up its involvement with placing disloyal Americans on the U.N. secretariat:

Obstruction of Justice at State

Here a brief excerpt from the Madera Tribune on this subject:

cdnc.ucr.edu - Madera Tribune 1952, May Call Acheson To Answer Charges Of Obstruction

 WASHINGTON (U.R)—House investigators said today Secretary of State Dean Acheson may be called ;to answer charges that the State Department "obstructed” a New I York federal grand Jury Inquiry jinto Communist infiltration of the United Nations. Members of the grand jury, testifying before a House Judiciary j subcommittee, accused high State land Justice officials of hamstring- | ing their study and trying to suppress the presentment they filed early this month. New Jury Rep. Kenneth B. Keating (RN. Y.). who will head the subcommittee when the new Congress takes over, said he would discuss with incoming Attorney (general Herbert Brownell Jr., the possibility of impaneling a new grand jury to continue the inquiry. Chairman Frank L. Chelf (D-Ky.) agreed that another grand Jury should be impaneled. Jury Foreman Joseph P. Kelly told the subcommittee yesterday the State Department not only hamstrung the grand jury’s efforts but opposed release of its blistert ing report on Red influence in the world organization. Four other members of the disbanded grand Jury gave corroborating testimony. All agreed that the U.

Here is a link to a Chicago Tribune article on the subject:

Chicagotribune.com - 1952/12/3 - U.N. Riddled with Dishonest Citizens Say Grand Jurors

Life Magazine - 1952/12/15 Jury Denounces State Department



Hairsplitting

When confronted on this subject, Dean Acheson, Secretary of State, was of the curious opinion that one could be disloyal to the United States while, at the same time, posing no security risk:

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 1953/01/03 - Acheson Hints at How China was Lost to the Free World





U.N. Charter, Article 100

Further,  Acheson referenced the fact that U.N.Charter, Article 100, prohibited the Federal Government from participating in U.N. Secretary-General hiring decisons:

International Court of Justice - Charter of the United Nations
Article 100
1. In the performance of their duties the Secretary-General and the staff shall not seek or receive instructions from any government or from any other authority external to the Organization. They shall refrain from any action which might on their position as international officials responsible only to the Organization.
2. Each Member of the United Nations undertakes to respect the exclusively inter- national character of the responsibilities of the Secretary-General and the staff and not to seek to influence them in the discharge of their responsibilities.

American Reds in the UN Secretariat

The trouble with Acheson's viewpoint was that the State Department had participated in the U.N. hiring decisions and had specifically recommended the disloyal American citizens who were hired and in a manner specifically designed to give Acheson plausible deniability in the matter:

Chicago Tribune - 1953/08/04 How American Reds got into UN



Truman Executive Order 10422

Further, as Truman's Executive Order 10422 shows, legal opinion was that the U.N, Secretary General had a duty not to employ disloyal American's (espionage risks) and that the United Sates Government had a duty to report these security risks:

National Archive - Executive Order 10422--Prescribing procedures for making available to the Secretary General of the United Nations certain information concerning United States citizens employed or being considered for employment on the Secretariat of the United Nations


WHEREAS a Commission of Jurists has advised the Secretary General of the United Nations that he should regard it as of the first importance to refrain from employing or to dismiss from employment on the Secretariat of the United Nations any United States citizen who he has reasonable grounds for believing has been, is, or is likely to be, engaged in espionage or subversive activities against the United States; and
WHEREAS the Commission of Jurists has also advised that the United States should make available to the Secretary General information on which the Secretary General can make his determination as to whether reasonable grounds exist for believing that a United States citizen employed or being considered for employment on the Secretariat has been, is, or is likely to be, engaged in espionage or subversive activities against the United States; and

The Norwegian Lie

In contrast to State Department foot dragging and obstruction, the Secretary General of the United Nations, Trygve Lie, himself a Socialist, took steps aggressive action to eliminate Americans suspected of being disloyal to their own country from the UN:


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